Morphine - The chief alkaloid* of opium used primarily as a pain-killer.
Arnica – Dried flower heads of a plant native to the Old West, used as a tincture to relieve sprains and bruises.
Digitalis – Dried leaves fo the Floxglove plant, used as a heart stimulant.
Seidlitz Powder – A pioneer effervescent anti-acid containing bitartrate of sodium and potassium, bricarbonate of sodium and tartaric acid.
Ergot – Derived from spawn of a fungus which grows in the flower of common rye, used to stimulate uterine contractions and in the treatment of certain hemorrhages.
Blaud’s Pills – Carbonate of iron, given in cases of anemia.
Asafetida – A gum resin, used as a stimulant and carminative** in the alimentary*** canal.
*any of a group of nitrogenous basic compounds found in plants, typically insoluble in water and physiologically active.
**a drug causing expulsion of gas from the stomach or bowel
***pertaining to food
another excerpt from Doctors of the Old West
by: Robert F. Karolevitz